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Ankle-Brachial Index and PAD

Tuesday, 31 August 2021 00:00

The ankle-brachial index test is a relatively quick, painless, and non-invasive screening measure used to test for the presence of peripheral artery disease (PAD). PAD is a condition in which circulation in the lower limbs is reduced, typically due to a buildup of plaque in the arteries that can cause them to narrow and harden, thereby impeding blood flow. Symptoms of PAD may include leg cramps, numbness, muscle weakness, and difficulty walking, but in its earlier stages, this condition is often asymptomatic. For this reason, it is important to get tested for PAD. People who are older and those who have a history of cardiovascular disease are especially at risk and can be tested by their podiatrist. During the ankle-brachial index test, the podiatrist measures the blood pressure at the upper arm and at the ankle, comparing the resulting numbers to form a ratio that predicts the likelihood of you having PAD. A high ankle-brachial index score can predict not only PAD, but also cardiovascular events, such as a heart attack or stroke. If you are at risk of PAD or are experiencing any symptoms, talk to your podiatrist about vascular testing today. 

Vascular testing plays an important part in diagnosing disease like peripheral artery disease. If you have symptoms of peripheral artery disease, or diabetes, consult with Dwayne A. Lay, DPM from Elite Foot and Ankle. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

What Is Vascular Testing?

Vascular testing checks for how well blood circulation is in the veins and arteries. This is most often done to determine and treat a patient for peripheral artery disease (PAD), stroke, and aneurysms. Podiatrists utilize vascular testing when a patient has symptoms of PAD or if they believe they might. If a patient has diabetes, a podiatrist may determine a vascular test to be prudent to check for poor blood circulation.

How Is it Conducted?

Most forms of vascular testing are non-invasive. Podiatrists will first conduct a visual inspection for any wounds, discoloration, and any abnormal signs prior to a vascular test.

 The most common tests include:

  • Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI) examination
  • Doppler examination
  • Pedal pulses

These tests are safe, painless, and easy to do. Once finished, the podiatrist can then provide a diagnosis and the best course for treatment.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Canton, GA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

 

Read more about Vascular Testing in Podiatry
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