Bunions are painful bumps at the base of the big toe, primarily the result of hallux valgus, where the big toe deviates outward and tilts toward the second toe. Contributing factors for the formation of bunions include foot pronation, wearing tight shoes, injuries, osteoarthritis, and heredity. Bunions can cause pain, especially in narrow shoes, and may enlarge over time. Painful swelling caused by inflamed bursa under the toe often accompanies bunions and limits joint motion. Diagnosing bunions relies on symptoms and physical exams, such as X-rays, while joint fluid analysis rules out infectious arthritis or gout. Treatment options depend on the severity of the bunion. A podiatrist can guide you toward non-invasive treatment solutions, including orthotics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication, and corticosteroid injections to manage pain and inflammation. In severe cases, or when more conservative measures fail, surgical bunionectomy becomes an option. This procedure corrects joint alignment and removes the bunion. To determine the best treatment plan for your specific needs and taking into account the severity of your bunion, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist.
What Is a Bunion?
Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.
- Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
- Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development
- Redness and inflammation
- Pain and tenderness
- Callus or corns on the bump
- Restricted motion in the big toe
In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Canton, GA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.