A bunion is defined as a noticeable, bony bump that extends on the side of the big toe. It can gradually form as a result of wearing shoes that do not have adequate room for the toes to move freely in. Additionally, genetic factors may play a significant role in developing a bunion. Common symptoms that many patients endure often include pain, redness on or around the affected area, and there may be considerable discomfort while walking. Mild relief may be felt when larger shoes are worn that can accommodate the bunion, and it may be beneficial to wear custom made orthotics. If you see the beginning signs of a bunion, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can help you to determine what the correct treatment method is for you.
What Is a Bunion?
A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.
Why Do Bunions Form?
Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary
Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions
How Are Bunions Diagnosed?
Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.
How Are Bunions Treated?
- Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
- Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
- Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
- Orthotics or foot inserts
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Canton, GA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.