Items filtered by date: January 2024

Tuesday, 30 January 2024 00:00

Athlete’s Foot Symptoms and Risk Factors

Athlete's foot, a prevalent fungal infection, predominantly affects the feet, with the skin between the toes being especially vulnerable. Athlete's foot is caused by various fungi, with the most common being trichophyton, which thrives in warm, humid environments. Athlete’s foot infections result in a moist, itchy, red, or flaky rash between the toes. Other symptoms are cracked, scaly, or peeling skin and stinging and burning sensations on cracked skin. Itchy blisters that form may burst and leave scales, and result in a dry, scaly rash on the soles and up the sides of the foot. If left untreated, athlete's foot can progress to more severe stages, with symptoms such as bleeding from cracked skin and white, soggy skin in toe webbing. An unpleasant odor, oozing blisters, and pain in affected areas can occur. Thickened, crumbly, or discolored toenails may develop if the fungus spreads. Transmission occurs through contaminated floors in shared spaces like showers and changing rooms, as well as in socks, clothing, and used towels. Prevention involves practicing good foot hygiene, wearing well-ventilated shoes, and avoiding walking barefoot in communal areas. For a severe case of athlete’s foot, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist for advanced treatment.

Athlete’s foot is an inconvenient condition that can be easily reduced with the proper treatment. If you have any concerns about your feet and ankles, contact Dwayne A. Lay, DPM from Elite Foot and Ankle.  Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Athlete’s Foot: The Sole Story

Athlete's foot, also known as tinea pedis, can be an extremely contagious foot infection. It is commonly contracted in public changing areas and bathrooms, dormitory style living quarters, around locker rooms and public swimming pools, or anywhere your feet often come into contact with other people.

Solutions to Combat Athlete’s Foot

  • Hydrate your feet by using lotion
  • Exfoliate
  • Buff off nails
  • Use of anti-fungal products
  • Examine your feet and visit your doctor if any suspicious blisters or cuts develop

Athlete’s foot can cause many irritating symptoms such as dry and flaking skin, itching, and redness. Some more severe symptoms can include bleeding and cracked skin, intense itching and burning, and even pain when walking. In the worst cases, Athlete’s foot can cause blistering as well. Speak to your podiatrist for a better understanding of the different causes of Athlete’s foot, as well as help in determining which treatment options are best for you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Canton, GA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 23 January 2024 00:00

Causes of an Achilles Tendon Injury

A tight Achilles tendon, a condition marked by stiffness and limited flexibility in the band of tissue connecting the calf muscles to the heel bone, can be attributed to various factors. One prevalent cause is overuse or excessive strain, commonly observed in athletes who engage in repetitive activities, like running or jumping. Inadequate warm-up or wearing improper footwear during physical exertion can exacerbate tension in the Achilles tendon. Additionally, biomechanical issues, such as flat feet or abnormal foot arches, may contribute to tightness. Aging also plays a role, as tendons naturally lose elasticity over time, making them more susceptible to stiffness. Tightness can also result from injuries or inflammation, such as Achilles tendonitis. Ignoring the causes of a tight Achilles tendon may lead to discomfort and compromise overall foot health. If you have endured an Achilles tendon injury, it is strongly suggested that you visit a podiatrist as quickly as possible who can effectively treat this condition.

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact Dwayne A. Lay, DPM of Elite Foot and Ankle. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Canton, GA . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 16 January 2024 00:00

The Benefits of Flat Feet in Athletics

Flat feet, often considered a drawback in sports, can actually provide some advantages. Some well-known athletes have flat feet and excel in their respective fields, and roughly 25 percent of the population has flat feet. One key advantage of having flat feet is the ability to absorb shock effectively as a result of increased flexibility in the arch, which aids in controlling and mitigating the impact upon landing. However, individuals with flat feet should focus on strengthening their feet to perform well in sports and minimize potential associated risks. The benefits of having flat feet for speed and injury prevention become evident when we consider that flat arches tend to lower the risk of injuries as they offer more flexibility, enhancing shock absorption capabilities. Additionally, athletes with flat feet often display better control during the landing phase of sprints, optimizing the time their feet spend in contact with the ground. This is mainly because their feet typically make initial ground contact in a neutral or slightly pronated position, allowing for a more efficient transition off the ground. Ultimately, regardless of arch type, the strength and stability of the feet are vital for controlling landings. Weak arch support during landing can lead to extended foot contact or potential injuries. If you have flat feet and they are causing problems in the sports you like to participate in, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist for an evaluation in addition to recommendations on how to strengthen flat feet into a potential advantage.

Flatfoot is a condition many people suffer from. If you have flat feet, contact Dwayne A. Lay, DPM from Elite Foot and Ankle. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Are Flat Feet?

Flatfoot is a condition in which the arch of the foot is depressed and the sole of the foot is almost completely in contact with the ground. About 20-30% of the population generally has flat feet because their arches never formed during growth.

Conditions & Problems:

Having flat feet makes it difficult to run or walk because of the stress placed on the ankles.

Alignment – The general alignment of your legs can be disrupted, because the ankles move inward which can cause major discomfort.

Knees – If you have complications with your knees, flat feet can be a contributor to arthritis in that area.  


  • Pain around the heel or arch area
  • Trouble standing on the tip toe
  • Swelling around the inside of the ankle
  • Flat look to one or both feet
  • Having your shoes feel uneven when worn


If you are experiencing pain and stress on the foot you may weaken the posterior tibial tendon, which runs around the inside of the ankle. 

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Canton, GA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 09 January 2024 00:00

Bones and Muscles in the Feet

The feet are intricate structures comprising a complex interplay of bones and muscles. The skeletal foundation, consisting of 26 bones per foot, provides the necessary framework for stability and mobility. These bones, meticulously arranged in arches and joints, form a remarkable support system that bears the weight of our entire body. Meanwhile, a network of muscles, tendons, nerves, and ligaments allows the feet to function properly. From the dynamic flexing of toes to the subtle shifts in weight distribution, these muscles work tirelessly to maintain balance and facilitate your every step. The feet serve as a testament to the exquisite design of the human body, showcasing the seamless collaboration between bones and muscles that enables you to traverse the world with grace and agility. If you are experiencing pain or other problems related to your foot structure, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist.

If you have any concerns about your feet, contact Dwayne A. Lay, DPM from Elite Foot and Ankle. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Biomechanics in Podiatry

Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body, causing an interference with the biological structures. It focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.

A History of Biomechanics

  • Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
  • In 1974, biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination in the area.

Modern technological improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes that provide a better understanding of podiatric concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide accurate information about the forces and patterns of the feet and lower legs.

Understanding biomechanics of the feet can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Canton, GA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Wednesday, 03 January 2024 00:00

Plantar Warts Can Be Treated!

Plantar warts are small growths that develop on parts of the feet that bear weight. They're typically found on the bottom of the foot. Don't live with plantar warts, and call us today!

Tuesday, 02 January 2024 00:00

Orthotics for Plantar Fasciitis

Managing plantar fasciitis can make mornings difficult, as stepping out of bed often brings heel pain. This common condition causes discomfort in the heel or foot arch, hindering activities such as exercising and walking. Plantar fasciitis stems from various causes, including excessive exercise, repetitive motion, or from wearing ill-fitting footwear Additionally, conditions that can include high arches, flat feet, weight gain, diabetes, and arthritis may also lead to developing this condition. These factors can lead to inflammation in the plantar fascia. Custom-made orthotics, tailored to your foot's biomechanics and gait, can be an effective treatment. These devices, fitted in your shoes, can aid in recovery from stress or tears and mitigate movements causing inflammation. If you suffer from persistent plantar fasciitis pain, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist who can design orthotics for you to help manage your heel pain.

If you are having discomfort in your feet and would like to try orthotics, contact Dwayne A. Lay, DPM from Elite Foot and Ankle. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Are Orthotics?

Orthotics are inserts you can place into your shoes to help with a variety of foot problems such as flat feet or foot pain. Orthotics provide relief and comfort for minor foot and heel pain but can’t correct serious biomechanical problems in your feet.

Over-the-Counter Inserts

Orthotics come in a wide variety of over-the-counter inserts that are used to treat foot pain, heel pain, and minor problems. For example, arch supports can be inserted into your shoes to help correct overarched or flat feet, while gel insoles are often used because they provide comfort and relief from foot and heel pain by alleviating pressure.

Prescription Orthotics

If over-the-counter inserts don’t work for you or if you have a more severe foot concern, it is possible to have your podiatrist prescribe custom orthotics. These high-quality inserts are designed to treat problems such as abnormal motion, plantar fasciitis, and severe forms of heel pain. They can even be used to help patients suffering from diabetes by treating foot ulcers and painful calluses and are usually molded to your feet individually, which allows them to provide full support and comfort.

If you are experiencing minor to severe foot or heel pain, it’s recommended to speak with your podiatrist about the possibilities of using orthotics. A podiatrist can determine which type of orthotic is right for you and allow you to take the first steps towards being pain-free.

If you have any questions please contact our office located in Canton, GA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Foot Orthotics

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